What is opening equity balance in QuickBooks and how to manage it


opening balance equity

Check the total sum once you enter all of your company’s opening balances in each account. To ensure that your QuickBooks firm balances on first day, you must put the identical amount into your opening balance equity account. After that, all you have to do is make sure that your accounts remain balanced. Data entry errors can also cause issues with the opening balance equity account.

  • When a business starts a new fiscal year or a new accounting period, the opening balance equity account is used to record the balance of equity accounts at the beginning of that period.
  • Here is a quick balance sheet recap to help you better understand opening balance equity.
  • With the report categorized by the kind of transaction, analyzing whether the issues in entries were done is the next move.
  • Thus, if you want to create a new asset account with a balance, you need to balance it out by the same amount on the other side of the equation.
  • The opening balance equity account shall thereafter be locked down and shall not be subject to access, unless as provided above.
  • If the company has a checking account, the opening balance equity account should be adjusted to reflect the correct cash balance.

This account helps in offsetting the opening-balance of the transactions. It is not necessary to display the opening balance account on the balance sheet if the balance is zero. A non-zero value in this account at the beginning of the accounting period is the result of issues in accounting operations like bank reconciliation. Now, perform the bank reconciliation and, in the end, balance the accounts.

Asset, liability, and other types of accounts

It is a type of equity, a capital resource provided by the owner at the beginning of the financial period. To understand the position of opening balance equity account in the chart of accounts and balance sheet, one should understand the following equation. Conversely, the closing balance is the amount of money available to the business or entity at the end of an accounting period. Often, the closing balance in the last accounting period is brought forward to the next accounting or financial period.

This includes Fixed Asset, Equity, Long-term Liability, Other Assets, Other Current Asset, and Other Current Liability accounts. To avoid this problem, record the appropriate entry to zero out an account before you make it inactive. Adding a new inventory unit with the initial quantity on hand will also affect Opening Balance Equity.


You enter the balance of your real-life bank account for the day you pick. Failing to zero out the opening balance equity account can result in an unbalanced balance sheet and can make it difficult to analyze the financial performance of the business. Additionally, if the opening balance equity account is not zeroed out, it can create confusion for auditors and potential investors who review the financial statements of the business. When multiple companies merge, their financial records may not be compatible. The opening balance equity account is used to reconcile the differences in the equity accounts of the merged companies. When a new business is established, it does not have any financial history.

  • Conversely, the closing balance is the amount of money available to the business or entity at the end of an accounting period.
  • However, that is not the end of accounting tasks, and it might be better to outsource it to an accounting firm.
  • They make sure that the assets of a company match its liabilities and equity.
  • Basically, they act as the part of the cumulative profit that is held or retained for future use.
  • Opening balance equity and retained earnings are similar in the sense that they are both equity accounts.

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